Prescription Drug Abuse in Adolescents

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 52 million Americans use prescription drugs for non-medical reasons at least once in their life. Every day, approximately 44 Americans die from prescription painkiller overdoses. Thus, it is an alarming scenario with prescription painkillers causing more than 16,000 deaths and 475,000 emergency room visits annually. No wonder, the prescription drug abuse helpline numbers never stop ringing.

It is more terrifying when it comes to adolescents. Being young with impressionable minds, they are more susceptible to fall prey to prescription drug abuse. Seeking prescription drug addiction treatment help remains the only solution in such a situation.

According to the National Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth Violence Prevention, one out of every five teens in the U.S. abuse prescription drugs to get high. Almost half of them who have abused prescription painkillers also report abusing two or more drugs, including marijuana. They are also likely to abuse alcohol. Children reportedly do not feel any guilt pangs, because the drugs aren’t illegal and are also not shamed because they are not abusing illicit drugs, just prescription medicines. Adolescents abusing prescription drugs without any sign of inhibition is a dangerous trend.

As per a study titled “Psychotropic Medication Use among Adolescents: United States, 2005-2010,” about 6.3 percent U.S. adolescents reported any type of psychotropic medication use in the past month, during the period 2005-2010. The study, conducted by Bruce S. Jonas, Sc.M., Ph.D., Qiuping Gu, M.D., Ph.D. and Juan R. Albertorio-Diaz, M.A., has summed the findings as below:

  • The highest abuse seen is of antidepressants (3.2 percent) and attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) drugs (3.2 percent). They are followed by antipsychotics (1 percent); anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics (0.5 percent); and antimanics (0.2 percent).
  • Males (4.2 percent) are more likely to use ADHD drugs as compared to females (2.2 percent), and females (4.5%) are more likely than males (2 percent) to use antidepressants.
  • The use of psychotropic drug was higher among non-Hispanic white (8.2 percent) adolescents than non-Hispanic black (3.1 percent) and Mexican-American (2.9 percent) adolescents.
  • Approximately half of the U.S. adolescents using psychotropic drugs in the past month had seen a mental health professional in the past year (53.3 percent).

Adolescents and prescription drugs

According to a 2008 report of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), 64 percent of the youth aged 12 to 17 who have abused pain relievers said they got the medicines from friends or relatives, often without the other person’s knowledge. Very few of them said that they procured prescription medicines from the internet.

However, they engaged in online chat and gathered information about drugs and others’ experiences. Another potential place to obtain prescription drugs is their respective schools. Rampant exchange of medicines and trade flourish in the corridors.

Ways to check abuse

The study feels that prescription drug abuse in adolescents should be taken seriously like any other abuse. Parents and caregivers have a significant role to play in curbing this menace. Since a school is a fertile spot for procuring prescription drugs, authorities have a pivotal role in addressing it. Regular seminars and inviting guest speakers to talk on the dangers of this can help in reducing this threat.

Government agencies should also exert their influence and work towards eradicating abuse of prescription drugs. Introducing stringent laws, implementing reforms and educating the people at large will go a long way.

Even physicians should play their part. Keeping detailed records of patients, educating parents about any drugs prescribed to their children and enquiring about their patients’ past abuses will also help in preventing this malady.

Idaho And The Unprescribed Drug Abuse Problem

Prescription drug abuse is one of the fastest-growing categories of drug abuse across the country. Along with smoking marijuana, more Americans are beginning to abuse these drugs than any other classification of drug. One state that is dealing with this problem right now is Idaho.

A recent study in the state was conducted in order to determine two facts. First, how many Idahoans were not using a prescription drug that had been prescribed for them, and second, how many were using a medication that was not prescribed for them. Both of these categories are significant, but for different reasons.

It’s obviously a problem if any residents of a state are using drugs that are not prescribed for them. By definition, this is drug abuse. Any drug being used by someone other than the patient it was intended for is a step toward potential harm, so doctors and other public health officials try to watch out for and curb this illegal use.

The reason that officials want to know if Idahoans are not taking their prescribed drugs is because this might mean that the drugs are going to someone else. Studies have shown that when someone is using a prescription drug that was not prescribed to them, they usually got it from a relative or friend (as opposed to a professional drug dealer.)

Whereas most of the illegal “street” drugs we think of-marijuana, cocaine, heroin, etc.-are sold by dealers, this means that cracking down on prescription drug abuse means cracking down on residents of the state handing their drugs off to one another.

In the study conducted by the Ameritox Company, 1,000 urine samples of drug-prescribed patients were taken and analyzed. The researchers found that 39% of the samples contained drugs that had not been prescribed for the patient in question. This means that potentially two out of every five Idahoans is taking a prescription drug that their doctor has not told them to use.

The researchers also found that 35.9% of the subjects weren’t taking their prescribed medications. This doesn’t necessarily prove that these people are giving away their drugs, as some of the patients could simply be deciding not to take the drugs. It’s worrisome for officials, however, as it means that a large percentage of drugs are essentially unaccounted for.

This number of prescription drugs not being properly used puts Idaho in the top 10 states in the country for unprescribed drug use. This is not a top ten list that any state would want to make, of course, but it could be embarrassing for an Idaho that would like to promote itself as an agricultural power, not a drug use capital.

What can a state do, then, to lower the number of people using prescription drugs that they are not prescribed? The first step is always education. Too many Idahoans, as well as Americans across the country, simply don’t understand how addictive and dangerous prescription painkillers and other prescription drugs can be. By teaching young people not to use these drugs un-prescribed, we can take the first step to limit their use.

It’s not limited to just teens, though. More and more adults are abusing pills as well, so public information campaigns could be a big help in lowering these numbers as well. Campaigns against drunk driving and other dangerous drug habits have been proven to lower death rates, so heightened and improved campaigns on this subject could help, as well. Idaho would probably like to continue being known for growing potatoes, not being at the top of a drug abuse list.

Using Natural Antihistamines For Allergy Relief

To stop the activity of histamines in body cells all that is needed is antihistamines. Histamines are produced naturally in some body cells but antihistamines will enter the body through the mouth. The activity of antihistamines in the body will result to allergy relief. Some plants that grow in the home environment have high concentration of antihistamines. Herbal pills, mineral supplements, omega 3 supplements and pharmaceutical drugs also have high concentration of antihistamines. Pharmaceutical drugs have high concentration of antihistamines but they can have negative effects on the body.

Herb butter bur and onions are some of the plants that have natural antihistamines. Herb butter bur is not only effective in relieving allergies but is also effective in relieving asthma and cramps. Onion extracts have been used in China since time immemorial in relieving allergies. The nutrients found in onion extracts will also help to relieve common cold and bronchial conditions.

Extracts of plants like herb butter bur are nowadays used to make herbal pills. Herbal pills can be made easily from home if one has a capsule machine. In case one does not have a capsule machine one will be forced to purchase herbal pills from local pharmacies or from online pharmacies. Research will reveal the best online and local pharmacies.

Fatty acids found in fish are nowadays used to make supplements. Supplements made from fish oil are called omega 3 supplements. The most powerful fatty acid is the omega 3 fatty acid. This acid will strengthen a weak immune system. So as not to be affected by allergens, one needs a strong immune system.

Zinc supplements are also very effective in removing allergic reactions. Supplements having zinc usually have very powerful antioxidants. Antioxidants will strengthen the immune system. A strong immune system will not react to things like pollen and dust.

There are very many resources on antihistamine products available online. Online, there are very many blogs and websites that have information on the benefits of different herbal supplements. Before embarking on finding information on natural products that can cure a particular allergy, one should come up with a list of all the irritating allergies one has ever experienced. Allergies are normal caused by allergens. Pollen and dust are the most common allergens that affect most people. After coming up with a list of allergies, the next step is using online search engines to find all the needed information.

On top of using products having natural antihistamines to relieve allergies, one should also remove allergens from his/her environment. Allergens should be removed from an environment using an air purifier. A good air purifier will remove all common allergens found in the home environment.

Zinc supplements, onion extracts, herb butter bur extracts and omega 3 supplements can all be used for allergy relief. Mineral supplements and herbal extracts are loaded with antihistamines. Antihistamines will stop the activity of histamines in body cells.

Use Antihistamines For Your Wheat Allergy Symptom

Antihistamine drugs are used to prevent many things like nausea, vomiting, motion sickness, sedation, and to treat itching that is result of allergies such as with a wheat allergy symptom.

One common class of antihistamines is Promethazine, which is a generic class of drugs. Promethazine has been tested with a variety of allergy symptoms like nasal congestion, itching nose, sneezing, runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes, itchy eyes, hives, or skin rash. Any of these could be a wheat allergy symptom.

Other names for Promethazine included Promethean, Phenergan, and Phenadoz. When you suffer with a wheat allergy symptom there is a good chance that your Doctor will recommend this drug because it is so good at reducing symptoms. Of course eliminating wheat from your diet is the ultimate goal to treat your wheat allergy symptom.

If you suffer from a wheat allergy symptom your doctor is likely going to prescribe a drug such as Promethazine. In some countries such as Switzerland or the UK it is available over the counter. An antihistamine will reduce itching and swelling. It is also useful for treating hay fever.

When taking an antihistamine like Promethazine you may experience some symptoms such as drowsiness. You should not drive or operate equipment or perform tasks that require alertness or concentration. You may experience blurred vision, dizziness, dry mouth, or mild confusion. A small price to pay for relief form that wheat allergy symptom.

If you prefer to get to the root of the problem of your wheat allergy symptom consider removing wheat from your diet. You may think this is easy but it is rather a daunting task as wheat is in many of the products we eat. However, it doesn’t hurt to start small and gradually increase the number of wheat products you eliminate from your diet.

In the mean time your Doctor will likely suggest you continue taking your antihistamines to reduce or eliminate your wheat allergy symptom. Isn’t it time you stopped suffering? There are plenty of solutions such as Promethazine so why not get relief?